During the 1800 presidential campaign , the New England Palladium wrote, "Should the infidel Jefferson be elected to the Presidency, the seal of death is that moment set on our holy religion, our churches will be prostrated, and some infamous 'prostitute', under the title of goddess of reason , will preside in the sanctuaries now devoted to the worship of the most High."  Federalists attacked Jefferson as a "howling atheist" and infidel , claiming that his attraction to the religious and political extremism of the French Revolution disqualified him from public office.   At that time, calling a person an infidel could mean a number of things, including that they did not believe in God. It was an accusation commonly levelled at Deists, although they believe in a deity. It was also directed at those thought to be harming the Christian faith in which they were raised.
In questions of power , then, let no more be heard of confidence in man, but bind him down from mischief by the chains of the Constitution.
In Europe, Jefferson rekindled his friendship with John Adams, who served as minister to Great Britain, and Adams's wife, Abigail. The brilliant Abigail Adams, with whom Jefferson maintained a lengthy correspondence on a wide variety of subjects, was perhaps the only woman he ever treated as an intellectual equal. Jefferson's official duties as minister consisted primarily of negotiating loans and trade agreements with private citizens and government officials in Paris and Amsterdam.