Metafont, not strictly part of TeX, is a font description system which allows the designer to describe characters algorithmically. It uses Bézier curves in a fairly standard way to generate the actual characters to be displayed, but Knuth devotes substantial attention to the rasterizing problem on bitmapped displays. Another thesis, by John Hobby , further explores this problem of digitizing "brush trajectories". This term derives from the fact that Metafont describes characters as having been drawn by abstract brushes (and erasers). It is commonly believed that TeX is based on bitmap fonts but, in fact, these programs "know" nothing about the fonts that they are using other than their dimensions. It is the responsibility of the device driver to appropriately handle fonts of other types, including PostScript Type 1 and TrueType. Computer Modern (commonly known as "the TeX font") is freely available in Type 1 format, as are the AMS math fonts. Users of TeX systems that output directly to PDF, such as pdfTeX, XeTeX, or LuaTeX, generally never use Metafont output at all.
Twitter Facebook Pinterest
– The printing planet: printing technologies as a design element; print industry: organization, market and production types; outline of basic printing processes and procedures; choice of specific printing process in accordance with characteristics and purpose of the design; printing machines: flat-feed and continuous, offset machines, rotoffset etc…
– In-depth study of the most widespread printing processes: offset, rotogravure, silk screen; typographic printing: flexography and relief printing; digital printing; moulding: the traditional method, CtP technology
– paper products and special materials: typologies and features; choice of paper as a creative element; characteristics: weight, thickness, volume, white point; other printing materials: cards, cardboard, PVC and special supports; sheet or bobbin: formats
– Postproduction: varnishing, laminating, embossing, relief printing…; sample analysis
– Binding: types of bind; samples analysis
– Case studies: specific techniques, definition of quantity, format optimization etc.; common mistakes
– Visits to a printing plant during the production: get to know the press and pre-press workflow; sample analysis, costing and quotation problems
Base de données des typographies au cinéma d'après le livre 'Typographie et Cinéma' de Lionel O. Dutrieux.